Proving grounds Play: Infosecprep

- 1 min


22/tcp    open  ssh     OpenSSH 8.2p1 Ubuntu 4ubuntu0.1 (Ubuntu Linux; protocol 2.0)
| ssh-hostkey: 
|   3072 91ba0dd43905e31355578f1b4690dbe4 (RSA)
|   256 0f35d1a131f2f6aa75e81701e71ed1d5 (ECDSA)
|_  256 aff153ea7b4dd7fad8de0df228fc86d7 (ED25519)
80/tcp    open  http    Apache httpd 2.4.41 ((Ubuntu))
|_http-server-header: Apache/2.4.41 (Ubuntu)
| http-robots.txt: 1 disallowed entry 
|_http-title: OSCP Voucher – Just another WordPress site
|_http-generator: WordPress 5.4.2
| http-methods: 
|_  Supported Methods: GET HEAD POST OPTIONS
33060/tcp open  mysqlx?
| fingerprint-strings: 
|   DNSStatusRequestTCP, LDAPSearchReq, NotesRPC, SSLSessionReq, TLSSessionReq, X11Probe, afp: 
|     Invalid message"
|_    HY000



Nmap scan shows there is disallowed entry present in the robots.txt file /secret.txt.

Base64 encoded text


Decoded text


Save the decoded SSH key as id_rsa and apply neccessary permission as chmod 600.

Enumerate SSH Login user

As mentioned in the blog post by the author there is only one user in the system that is oscp.

SSH to oscp user using the SSH key.


Privilege Escalation

Check the permissions for the /bin/bash binary, which has the setuid bit configured that is s instead of x in permissions list.

-bash-5.0$ ls -al /bin/bash
-rwsr-sr-x 1 root root 1183448 Feb 25  2020 /bin/bash

What does setuid bit do?

The setuid bit simply indicates that when running the executable, it will set its permissions to that of the owner, instead of setting it to the user who launched it.

In that case the owner is the root user so we can simply run /bin/bash -p to obtain root access.


Thanks for reading!

For more insights and updates, follow me on Twitter: @thevillagehacker.

Naveen J

Naveen J

Security Researcher | Appsec Specialist@SISA Information Security | Web 3 Security Enthusiast